POTENTIAL ZOO NOSES FROM NONHUMAN PRIMATES!

 

 


DISEASE: TUBERCULOSIS

ETIOLOGY:  Mycobaterium hominis, bovis or avium

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Potential from all

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  ID skin test; radiograph

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  ID skin test; radiograph


DISEASE:  SHIGELLOSIS

ETIOLOGY:  Shigella spp.

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  All

TRANSMISSION:  Direct contact, fomites?

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Presumptive with dysentery; culture

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Culture


DISEASE:  SALMONELLOSIS

ETIOLOGY:  Salmonella spp.

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  All

TRANSMISSION:  Direct contact, fomites

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Culture

DIAGNOSIS:  Culture


DISEASE:  HERPES B

ETIOLOGY:  Herpesvirus simiae

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Macaques

TRANSMISSION:  Bite, saliva, scratches

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Protective apparel

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Lip and tongue ulcers, antigen level

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  History, signs, antibody titer


DISEASE:  INFECTIOUS HEPATITIS

ETIOLOGY:  Hepatitis virus

NON-HUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Chimpanzees

TRANSMISSION:  Aerosol, blood

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Protective apparel, sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  RIA for antigen

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  RIA for antigen or antibody titer


DISEASE:  MARBOURG DISEASE

ETIOLOGY:  Marbourg virus

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  African green monkeys; probably other African spp.

TRANSMISSION:  Contact with tissues and blood

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Protective apparel, sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NON-HUMAN PRIMATES:  Antibody titer

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Antibody titer


DISEASE:  MEASLES

ETIOLOGY:  Rubeola virus

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Macaques, marmosets, squirrel and cebus monkeys

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Vaccine, not known to be zoonosis in Homo sapiens

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Paired antibody titers; signs

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Paired sera with antibody titer rise; signs


DISEASE:  RABIES

ETIOLOGY:  Rabies virus

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Potentially all nonhuman primates

TRANSMISSION:  Bite, saliva

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Care in handling tissues; protective apparel

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Mouse inoculation, FA; Suspicion with neurological signs

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Antibody titers


DISEASE:  STRONGYLOIDIOSIS

ETIOLOGY:  Strongyloides spp.

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Old World nonhuman primates

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Fecal exam

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Fecal exam


DISEASE:  ENTAMOEBIASIS

ETIOLOGY:  Entamoeba histolytica

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Chimpanzees; others?

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Fecal exam

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Fecal exam


DISEASE:  ENTEROBIASIS

ETIOLOGY:  Enterobius vermi-cularis

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Chimpanzees

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Fecal exam, cellophane tape

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Fecal exam, cellophane tape


DISEASE:  BALANTIDIASIS

ETIOLOGY:  Balantidium coli

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Chimpanzees

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Fecal exam

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Fecal exam


DISEASE:  DERMATOMYCOSIS

ETIOLOGY:  Microsporum spp. Trichophyton spp.

NONHUMAN PRIMATE SOURCE:  Potentially all

TRANSMISSION:  Direct

PREVENTIVE PROCEDURES:  Sanitation, hygiene

DETECTION IN NONHUMAN PRIMATES:  Wood's lamp; culture; signs

DIAGNOSIS IN MAN:  Wood lamp; culture; signs


  

 

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